Most of the research on genetics in criminology has involved studying genetic influences on aggression and genetic variants associated with resilience in recovering from victimization. Some studies, however, show that becoming a victim in the first place is influenced by genes. This is not meant to blame victims, but to show that many aspects of life are determined by luck.
Some scenarios in which genes can influence victimization include:
1. victimization by violent crime
2. repeated scenarios as a victim of violence
Evidence of a gene x environment interaction in the creation of victimization: results from a longitudinal sample of adolescents. (Link)
Gene-environment processes linking aggression, peer victimization, and the teacher-child relationship. (Link)
Risk heterogeneity and recurrent violent victimization: the role of DRD4. (Link)